Chamber of Deputies approves Law for the Regulation of Cannabis, moves to main floor for vote.
Updated: May 25, 2021
Late last night, the Commission of Health and the Commission of Justice of the Chamber of Deputies voted in favor of the bill for the Federal Law for the Regulation of Cannabis. It now moves to the main floor for a vote by the entire Chamber, scheduled for Wednesday.
Here are some key takeaways on the bill:
The bill regulates cannabis production into three categories: personal recreational marijuana use, which would allow individuals and non-profit associations between 2 and 20 members to grow and consume cannabis for the sole (non-lucrative) use of its members; commercial cultivation, production and sale of recreational marijuana and its derivatives; and industrial production for commercial, scientific and medical research purposes, including the industrial commercialization of hemp.
The bill stipulates a personal-use permit which would allow adults over 18 years of age to grow up to 6 plants for personal use within the home, and in the case of civil associations up to 8 plants in one locale.
There are six types of licenses for commercial purposes: a vertically-integrated license, which would allow seed-to-sale cultivation, production, distribution and direct-to-consumer retail sale; a cultivation license, which would only allow the agricultural production of marijuana in pre-determined locales; a distributor license, which would allow the licensee to acquire and distribute wholesale marijuana to authorized retail sellers (B2B); a retail license, which would allow direct consumer retail sales of recreational marijuana; a manufacturing license, which would allow the licensee to manufacture wholesale marijuana into consumer products and derivatives, though would not allow direct-to-consumer sales; and a license for scientific research, investigation and development.
The bill gives precedence for licenses to agrarian, indigenous, and other communities with a direct stake in cultivation and production prior to corporate and foreign interests.
The government body overseeing the licensing and regulation of cannabis will no longer be the Mexican Institute for the Regulation and Control of Cannabis, but rather the National Commission Against Addictions, a commission operating within the department of the Secretary of Health.
Finally, the bill does not fully decriminalize the possession of cannabis, as was mandated by the Supreme Court in 2018, but sets limits for personal possession at 28 grams before criminal sanction; prohibits the consumption or sale of recreational marijuana in the workplace, public and private schools, and anywhere children may be exposed (ex. public parks); criminalizes the unlicensed import/export of marijuana above 200 grams; and sets sanctions for those who produce, possess, sell or distribute cannabis in any form without the proper licensing.
Find the official press release here and catch the full replay below: